DFKI-LT - Identifying main obstacles for statistical machine translation of morphologically rich South Slavic languages

Maja Popovic, Mihael Arčan
Identifying main obstacles for statistical machine translation of morphologically rich South Slavic languages
1 The Eighteenth Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT 15), Pages 97-104, Antalya, Turkey, EAMT, 2015
 
The best way to improve a statistical machine translation system is to identify concrete problems causing translation errors and address them. Many of these problems are related to the characteristics of the involved languages and differences between them. This work explores the main obstacles for statistical machine translation systems involving two morphologically rich and under-resourced languages, namely Serbian and Slovenian. Systems are trained for translations from and into English and German using parallel texts from different domains, including both written and spoken language. It is shown that for all translation directions structural properties concerning multi-noun collocations and exact phrase boundaries are the most difficult for the systems, followed by negation, preposition and local word order differences. For translation into English and German, articles and pronouns are the most problematic, as well as disambiguation of certain frequent functional words. For translation into Serbian and Slovenian, cases and verb inflections are most difficult. In addition, local word order involving verbs is often incorrect and verb parts are often missing, especially when translating from German.
 
Files: BibTeX, final-smt.pdf