[UM97 logo] Paper by Chiu et al.
Sixth International Conference on User Modeling
On-Line Proceedings

Proceedings Overview Table of Contents Reader's Guide

A Comparison of First-Order and Zeroth-Order Induction for Input-Output Agent Modelling

by Bark Cheung Chiu, Geoffrey I. Webb, and Mark Kuzmycz

In Anthony Jameson, CÚcile Paris, and Carlo Tasso (Eds.) User Modeling: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference, UM97 (pp. 347-358). Vienna, New York: Springer Wien New York, 1997.


Most student modelling systems seek to develop a model of the internal operation of the cognitive system. In contrast, Input-Output Agent Modelling (IOAM) models an agent in terms of relationships between the inputs and outputs of the cognitive system. Previous IOAM systems have demonstrated high predictive accuracy in the domain of elementary subtraction. These systems use zeroth-order induction. Many of the predicates used, however, represent relations. This suggests that first-order induction might perform well in this domain. This paper reports a study in which zeroth-order and first-order induction engines were used to build models of student subtraction skills. Comparative evaluation shows that zeroth-order induction performs better than first-order in detecting regularities indicating misconceptions while first-order induction leads zeroth-order in detecting regularities indicating correct concepts and inducing a more comprehensible student model. This suggests there exists a trade-off between these factors and that there is still scope for improvement.

Authors' addresses as of June 1997

PostScript File
GZipped (168K)

BibTeX Entry

@STRING{UM97title = {User Modeling: Proceedings of the {Sixth International
                     Conference, UM97}}}
@STRING{UM97editor = {Anthony Jameson and C\'{e}cile Paris and Carlo Tasso}}
@STRING{UM97address = {Vienna, New York}}
@STRING{UM97publisher = {Springer Wien New York}}
@STRING{UM97note = {Available from http://um.org}}
 AUTHOR = {Chiu, Bark Cheung and Webb, Geoffrey I. and Kuzmycz, Mark},
 YEAR = 1997,
 TITLE = {A Comparison of First-Order and Zeroth-Order Induction for 
 {Input-Output Agent Modelling}},
 PAGES = {347-358},
 BOOKTITLE = UM97title,
 EDITOR = UM97editor,
 ADDRESS = UM97address,
 PUBLISHER = UM97publisher,
 NOTE = UM97note}

Proceedings Overview Table of Contents Reader's Guide