AI-based Framework for Deep Learning Applications in Grinding

Tobias Kaufmann, Shashwat Sahay, Philipp Niemietz, Daniel Trauth, Wolfgang Maaß, Thomas Bergs

In: 2020 IEEE 18th World Symposium on Applied Machine Intelligence and Informatics (SAMI). IEEE World Symposium on Applied Machine Intelligence and Informatics (SAMI-2020) January 23-25 Herl'any Slovakia IEEE 2020.


Rejection costs for a finish-machined gearwheel with grinding burn can rise to the order of 10,000 euros each. A reduction in costs by reducing rejection rate by only 5-10 pieces per year already amortizes costs for data-acquisition hardware for online process monitoring. The grinding wheel wear, one of the major influencing factors responsible for the grinding burn, depends on a large number of influencing variables like cooling lubricant, feed rate, circumferential wheel speed and wheel topography. In the past, machine learning algorithms such as Support Vector Machines (SVM), Hidden Markov Models (HMM) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have proven effective for the predictive analysis of process quality. In addition to predictive analysis, AI-based applications for process control may raise the resilience of machining processes. Using machine learning methods may also lead to a heavy reduction of cost amassed due to a physical inspection of each workpiece. With this contribution, information from previous works is leveraged and an AI-based framework for adaptive process control of a cylindrical grinding process is introduced. For the development of such a framework, three research objectives have been derived: First, the dynamic wheel wear needs to be modelled and measured, because of its strong impact on the resulting workpiece quality. Second, models to predict the quality features of the produced workpieces depending on process setup parameters and materials used have to be established. Here, special focus is set on deriving models that are independent of a specific wheel-workpiece-pair. The opportunity to use such a model in a variety of grinding configurations gives the production line consistent process support. Third, the resilience of analytical models regarding graceful degradation of sensors needs to be tackled, since the stability of such systems has to be guaranteed to be used in productive environments. Process resilience against human errors and sensor failures leads to a minimization of rejection costs in production. To do so, a framework is presented, where virtual sensors, upon the failure or detection of an erroneous signal from physical sensors, will be activated and provide signals to the downstream smart systems until the process is completed or the physical sensor is changed.

Weitere Links

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence