From Active Learning to Dedicated Collaborative Interactive Learning

Adrian Calma, Jan Marco Leimeister, Paul Lukowicz, Sarah Oeste-Reiß, Tobias Reitmaier, Albrecht Schmidt, Bernhard Sick, Gerd Stumme, Katharina Anna Zweig

In: ARCS 2016. International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems (ARCS-2016) April 4-7 Nürnberg Germany Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) 9637 VDE VERLAG GmbH 2016.


Active learning (AL) is a machine learning paradigm where an active learner has to train a model (e.g., a classifier) which is in principle trained in a supervised way. AL has to be done by means of a data set where a low fraction of samples (also termed data points or observations) are labeled. To obtain labels for the unlabeled samples, the active learner has to ask an oracle (e.g., a human expert) for labels. In most cases, the goal is to maximize some metric assessing the task performance (e.g., the classification accuracy) and to minimize the number of queries at the same time. In this article, we first briefly discuss the state-of-the-art in the field of AL. Then, we propose the concept of dedicated collaborative interactive learning (D-CIL) and describe some research challenges. With D-CIL, we will overcome many of the harsh limitations of current AL. In particular, we envision scenarios where the expert may be wrong for various reasons. There also might be several or even many experts with different expertise who collaborate, the experts may label not only samples but also supply knowledge at a higher level such as rules, and we consider that the labeling costs depend on many conditions. Moreover, human experts may even profit by improving their own knowledge when they get feedback from the active learner.

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence