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Topological Queries and Analysis of School Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling (BIM) Using Parametric Design Tools and Visual Programming to Develop New Building Typologies

Jessica Bielski; Christoph Langenhan; Babara Weyand; Markus Neuber; Viktor Eisenstadt; Klaus-Dieter Althoff
In: Liss C. Werner; Dietmar Koering (Hrsg.). Proceedings of the 38th International Online Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe - Anthropologic – Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age. Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe-2020), September 16-17, Berlin, Germany, Pages 279-288, Vol. 2, FG Städtebau und nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung, 9/2020.


School buildings are currently one of the largest portions of planning and building projects in Germany. In order to reflect the continuous developments in school building construction with constantly changing spatial requirements, an approach to analyze, derive and combine patterns of schools is proposed to adapt school typologies accordingly. Therefore, the topology is analyzed, concerning interconnection methods, such as adjacency, accessibility, depth, and flow. The geometric analysis of e.g. room sizes or spatial proportions is enhanced by including grouping of rooms, estimated room clusters, or room shapes. Furthermore, text-matching is used to determine e.g. room program fulfilment, or assigning functional room descriptions to predefined room types, revealing huge differences of terms throughout time and architects. First results of the analyses show a relevant correlation between spatial proportion and room types.

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