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ESResNe(X)t-fbsp: Learning Robust Time-Frequency Transformation of Audio

Andrey Guzhov; Federico Raue; Jörn Hees; Andreas Dengel
In: 2021 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) Proceedings. International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN-2021), July 18-22, ISBN 978-0-7381-3366-9, IEEE, 2021.


Environmental Sound Classification (ESC) is a rapidly evolving field that recently demonstrated the advantages of application of visual domain techniques to the audio-related tasks. Previous studies indicate that the domain-specific modification of cross-domain approaches show a promise in pushing the whole area of ESC forward. In this paper, we present a new time-frequency transformation layer that is based on complex frequency B-spline (fbsp) wavelets. Being used with a high-performance audio classification model, the proposed fbsp-layer provides an accuracy improvement over the previously used Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) on standard datasets. We also investigate the influence of different pre-training strategies, including the joint use of two large-scale datasets for weight initialization: ImageNet and AudioSet. Our proposed model out-performs other approaches by achieving accuracies of 95.20 % on the ESC-50 and 89.14 % on the UrbanSound8K datasets. Additionally, we assess the increase of model robustness against additive white Gaussian noise and reduction of an effective sample rate introduced by the proposed layer and demonstrate that the fbsp-layer improves the model's ability to withstand signal perturbations, in comparison to STFT-based training. For the sake of reproducibility, our code is made available.


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