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Adversarial Deep Feature Extraction Network for User Independent Human Activity Recognition

Sungho Suh; Vitor Fortes Rey; Paul Lukowicz
In: 2022 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom). IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom-2022), March 21-25, Pisa, Italy, Pages 217-226, IEEE, 2022.


User dependence remains one of the most difficult general problems in Human Activity Recognition (HAR), in particular when using wearable sensors. This is due to the huge variability of the way different people execute even the simplest actions. In addition, detailed sensor fixtures and placement will be different for different people or even at different times for the same users. In theory, the problem can be solved by a large enough data set. However, recording data sets that capture the entire diversity of complex activity sets is seldom practicable. Instead, models are needed that focus on features that are invariant across users. To this end, we present an adversarial subject-independent feature extraction method with the maximum mean discrepancy (MMD) regularization for human activity recognition. The proposed model is capable of learning a subject-independent embedding feature representation from multiple subjects datasets and generalizing it to unseen target subjects. The proposed network is based on the adversarial encoder-decoder structure with the MMD to realign the data distribution over multiple subjects. Experimental results show that the proposed method not only outperforms state-of-the-art methods over the four real-world datasets but also improves the subject generalization effectively. We evaluate the method on well-known public data sets showing that it significantly improves user-independent performance and reduces variance in results.


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