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Stop Guessing in the Dark: Identified Requirements for Digital Product Passport Systems

Maike Jansen; Tobias Meisen; Christiane Plociennik; Holger Berg; André Pomp; Waldemar Windholz
In: Ikpe Justice Akpan; Bamidele Adebisi; Murali S. Shanker (Hrsg.). Systems, Vol. 11, No. 3, Pages 123-123, MDPI AG, 2/2023.


The Digital Product Passport (DPP) is a concept for collecting and sharing product-related information along the life cycle of a product. DPPs are currently the subject of intense discussion, and various development efforts are being undertaken. These are supported by regulatory activities, especially in the case of the battery passport. The aggregation of product life-cycle data and their respective use, as well as the sharing of these data between companies, entrepreneurs, and other actors in the value chain, is crucial for the creation of a resource-efficient circular economy. Despite the urgent need for such a solution, there is currently little attention given to the digital infrastructure for the creation and handling of the DPPs (i.e., the so-called DPP system). Moreover, there is so far no common understanding of what the requirements for a DPP system are. This is the background and underlying motivation of our paper: we identify the requirements for a DPP system in a structured way, i.e., based on stakeholder involvement and current literature from science and industry. In addition, we compose, categorize, and critically analyze the results, i.e., the list of requirements for DPP systems, in order to identify gaps. Summarized, our research provides insights into the criteria to be considered in the creation of an actual DPP system.


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