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Cascading Scenario Technique Enabling Automated And Situation- based Crisis Management

Stefan Leachu; Jokim Janßen; Natalie Gdanitz; Merlit Kirchhöfer; Sabine Janzen; Volker Stich
In: Proceedings of the Conference on Production Systems and Logistics. Conference on Production Systems and Logistics (CPSL-2023), February 28 - March 3, SANTIAGO DE QUERÉTARO, Mexico, Publish.Ing, 2023.


Crises are becoming more and more frequent. Whether natural disasters, economic crises, political events, or a pandemic - the right action mitigates the impact. The PAIRS project plans to minimize the surprise effect of these and to recommend appropriate actions based on data using artificial intelligence (AI). This paper conceptualizes a cascading model based on scenario technique, which acts as the basic approach in the project. The long-term discipline of scenario technique is integrated into the discipline of crisis management to enable short-term and continuous crises management in an automated manner. For this purpose, a practical crisis definition is given and interpreted as a process. Then, a cascading model is derived in which crises are continuously thought through using the scenario technique and three types of observations are classified: Incidents, disturbances, and crises. The presented model is exemplified within a non-technical application of a use case in the context of humanitarian logistics and the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, first technical insights from the field of AI are given in the form of a semantic description composing a knowledge graph. In summary, a conceptual model is presented to enable situation-based crisis management with automated scenario generation by combining the two disciplines of crisis management with scenario technique.