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Real-Time Local GP Model Learning

Duy Nguyen-Tuong; Matthias W. Seeger; Jan Peters
In: Olivier Sigaud; Jan Peters (Hrsg.). From Motor Learning to Interaction Learning in Robots. Pages 193-207, Studies in Computational Intelligence, Vol. 264, Springer, 2010.


For many applications in robotics, accurate dynamics models are essential. However, in some applications, e.g., in model-based tracking control, precise dynamics models cannot be obtained analytically for sufficiently complex robot systems. In such cases, machine learning offers a promising alternative for approximating the robot dynamics using measured data. However, standard regression methods such as Gaussian process regression (GPR) suffer from high computational complexity which prevents their usage for large numbers of samples or online learning to date. In this paper, we propose an approximation to the standard GPR using local Gaussian processes models inspired by [Vijayakumar et al(2005)Vijayakumar, D’Souza, and Schaal, Snelson and Ghahramani(2007)]. Due to reduced computational cost, local Gaussian processes (LGP) can be applied for larger sample-sizes and online learning. Comparisons with other nonparametric regressions, e.g., standard GPR, support vector regression (SVR) and locally weighted projection regression (LWPR), show that LGP has high approximation accuracy while being sufficiently fast for real-time online learning.

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