Skip to main content Skip to main navigation


Self Expanding Neural Networks

Rupert Mitchell; Martin Mundt; Kristian Kersting
In: Computing Research Repository eprint Journal (CoRR), Vol. abs/2307.04526, Pages 0-10, arXiv, 2023.


The results of training a neural network are heavily dependent on the architecture chosen; and even a modification of only the size of the network, however small, typically involves restarting the training process. In contrast to this, we begin training with a small architecture, only increase its capacity as necessary for the problem, and avoid interfering with previous optimization while doing so. We thereby introduce a natural gradient based approach which intuitively expands both the width and depth of a neural network when this is likely to substantially reduce the hypothetical converged training loss. We prove an upper bound on the "rate" at which neurons are added, and a computationally cheap lower bound on the expansion score. We illustrate the benefits of such Self-Expanding Neural Networks in both classification and regression problems, including those where the appropriate architecture size is substantially uncertain a priori.

Weitere Links