Mind the Nuisance: Gaussian Process Classification using Privileged NoiseDaniel Hernández-Lobato; Viktoriia Sharmanska; Kristian Kersting; Christoph H. Lampert; Novi Quadrianto
In: Zoubin Ghahramani; Max Welling; Corinna Cortes; Neil D. Lawrence; Kilian Q. Weinberger (Hrsg.). Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 27: Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2014. Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS-2014), December 8-13, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Pages 837-845, Curran Associates, Inc. 2014.
The learning with privileged information setting has recently attracted a lot of attention within the machine learning community, as it allows the integration of additional knowledge into the training process of a classifier, even when this comes in the form of a data modality that is not available at test time. Here, we show that privileged information can naturally be treated as noise in the latent function of a Gaussian Process classifier (GPC). That is, in contrast to the standard GPC setting, the latent function is not just a nuisance but a feature: it becomes a natural measure of confidence about the training data by modulating the slope of the GPC sigmoid likelihood function. Extensive experiments on public datasets show that the proposed GPC method using privileged noise, called GPC+, improves over a standard GPC without privileged knowledge, and also over the current state-of-the-art SVM-based method, SVM+. Moreover, we show that advanced neural networks and deep learning methods can be compressed as privileged information.