Smart Cup: An impedance sensing based fluid intake monitoring system for beverages classification and freshness detectionMengxi Liu; Sizhen Bian; Bo Zhou; Agnes Grünerbl; Paul Lukowicz
In: UbiComp/ISWC '22 Adjunct: Adjunct Proceedings of the 2022 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing and the 2022 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers. ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers (ISWC-2022), ACM, 2023.
This paper presents a novel beverage intake monitoring system that can accurately recognize beverage kinds and freshness. By mounting carbon electrodes on the commercial cup, the system measures the electrochemical impedance spectrum of the fluid in the cup. We studied the frequency sensitivity of the electrochemical impedance spectrum regarding distinct beverages and the importance of features like amplitude, phase, and real and imaginary components for beverage classification. The results show that features from a low-frequency domain (100 Hz to 1000 Hz) provide more meaningful information for beverage classification than the higher-frequency domain. Twenty beverages, including carbonated drinks and juices, were classified with nearly perfect accuracy using a supervised machine learning approach. The same performance was also observed in the freshness recognition, where four different kinds of milk and fruit juice were studied.