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Case in German - Towards an HPSG-Analysis

Stefan Müller
In: Tibor Kiss; Detmar Meurers (Hrsg.). Constraint-Based Approaches to Germanic Syntax. Pages 217-255, Studies in Constraint-Based Lexicalism, Vol. 7, CSLI, Stanford, 2001.


In Tibor Kiss and Detmar Meurers (Eds): Constraint-based Approaches to Germanic Syntax, Studies in Constraint-Based Lexicalism, No. 7. Stanford: CSLI-Publications, pages 217-255. The case theory that is developed in the paper builds on work done by Heinz and Matiasek (1994). Their approach is improved in such a way that case assignent in coherent constructions like (1) works properly. (1) Er sieht den Mann den Wagen reparieren. he sees the manacc the caracc repair 'He sees the man repairing the car.' With the type hierarchy of Heinz and Matiasek it is impossible to describe the phenomenon Kongruenzkasus. Sentences like (2) and (3) cannot be analyzed. (2) a. Sie nannte ihn einen Lügner. She called him a liar b. Er wurde ein Lügner genannt. he was a liar called 'He was called a liar.' (3) a. Ich sehe ihn als meinen Freund an. I see him as my friend PRFX 'I regard him as my friend.' b. Er wird als mein Freund angesehen. In the paper, I propose a more structured case feature and appropriate lexical entries to analyze these sentences. Apart from that it is explained how the case assignment in adjectival and participal environments works and the case assignment to non-realized subjects as in (4) will be explaind. (4) Ich habe den Männern erlaubt, einer nach dem anderen wegzulaufen.

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