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Exploring syntactic relation patterns for question answering

Dan Shen; Dietrich Klakow; Geert-Jan Kruijff
In: Proceedings of The Second International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing. International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (IJCNLP), Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of, Springer, 2005.


In this paper, we explore the syntactic relation patterns for open- domain factoid question answering. We propose a pattern extraction method to extract the various relations between the proper answers and different types of question words, including target words, head words, subject words and verbs, from syntactic trees. We further propose a QA-specific tree kernel to partially match the syntactic relation patterns. It makes the more tolerant matching be- tween two patterns and helps to solve the data sparseness problem. Lastly, we incorporate the patterns into a Maximum Entropy Model to rank the answer candidates. The experiment on TREC questions shows that the syntactic rela- tion patterns help to improve the performance by 6.91 MRR based on the com- mon features.