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Towards Networked Linked Data-Driven Web3D Applications.

René Schubotz; Andreas Harth
In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Declarative 3D for the Web Architecture. Declarative 3D for the Web Architecture (Dec3D-12), International Workshop on Declarative 3D for the Web Architecture, located at 21st World Wide Web Conference, Lyon, France, CEUR, 2012.


The Web of Data has grown to a size of several billion triples and provides human interface opportunities and challenges beyond those of the traditional Web. Although Linked Data is now generated at a fast pace and very large scale, we observe that browsing and visualisation of Linked Data is still in its infancy. In parallel to the enormous boost in Linked Data, recent work on integrating 3D graphics capabilities into the W3C technology stack provides fresh momentum for an effort to extend the Web with 3D content and technologies. In light of the timid uptake and consumption of Linked Data by non-technical audiences, we make the case for Web3D-based user interfaces to the Web of Data and aim at promoting synergistic research in the Web3D and Web of Data communities. To that end, we describe a scenario that requires the combination of Linked Data from geospatial and encyclopedic data sources and the transformation of the combined Linked Data into a format amenable to Web3D rendering. Based on the scenario, we derive highlevel requirements and propose a Linked Data-driven design pattern based on REST architecture principles that satisfies the requirements. Our prototypical implementation shows that a combination of current Web technologies is sufficient to implement distributed application that ultimately arrive at Web3D renderings of Linked Data. Based on the experiments, we identify and discuss areas which require further research.


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