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A class of its own: B-Human wins the RoboCup World Championship 2022 in Bangkok

| Press release | Autonomous Systems | Machine Learning & Deep Learning | Robotics | Cyber-Physical Systems | Bremen

After a two-year break due to the pandemic, the World Robotic Soccer Championship was held again for the first time – this time in Bangkok, Thailand. In the RoboCup Standard Platform League, there have been many technical developments in the meantime, but the result has still not changed since the last championship, which took place in Sydney in 2019: The old and new world champion is Team B-Human from the University of Bremen and the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI). It won the final against the HTWK Robots from Leipzig. With a total of 48:0 goals in seven games, B-Human remained the undisputed world champion without conceding a single goal.

[Translate to English:] © JT Genter
B-Human robot is about to perform a strong kick towards the opponent goal. This photo was taken in the 2022 final against HTWK Robots.

B-Human took the victory in Bangkok, Thailand, with a clear lead over runner-up HTWK Robots as well as rUNSWift from Sydney (3rd place) and the Nao Devils from Dortmund (4th place). But the pandemic also left its mark on the competition. On the one hand, there were fewer teams present and some participation from afar. On the other hand, there were a larger number of additional technical competitions, most of which could have been conducted remotely had the face-to-face event been canceled. These so-called Technical Challenges were about exploring possible rule changes for the future. For example, the game was tested with teams of seven NAO robots each – humanoid robots that have been playing in the RoboCup since 2007. So far, five robots form a team. They also tried out whether the robots could recognize referee gestures so that they might in future interact directly with the referee instead of being told the referee’s decisions via radio transmission. A total of four Technical Challenges were evaluated together and here the team B-Human also took first place.

During the pandemic, the league’s most important innovation was that its own software could be run on foreign robots without the human team members even being on-site. This year, the main competition essentially focused on reducing the communication between robots during the game. Previously, each NAO was allowed to send a maximum of one message per second. According to the new rules, a maximum number applies to the whole team and the whole game, which effectively corresponds to a reduction in data exchange by a factor of five. So each robot always had to consider beforehand whether sending a message really made sense in the current situation. The Bremen team used numerous criteria for this as well as a sliding limit based on the remaining playing time to allow for continued cooperative play as a team. This form of team play, in particular, also contributed to the strength of B-Human in the current tournament. The flexible positioning and dynamic task division of the field players – together with the ability to play precise passes better to positioned teammates, which has been used since this year – led to clear superiority on the field in all RoboCup competitions, so that B-Human became world champion in the Standard Platform League for the ninth time.

Currently, B-Human comprises 15 students from the University of Bremen, one former student who is committed to the team in his spare time, and the supervising scientists Dr. Thomas Röfer and Arne Hasselbring from DFKI’s Cyber-Physical Systems research division, which is headed by Professor Rolf Drechsler, and Dr. Tim Laue from the University of Bremen from Professor Udo Frese’s research group. CONTACT Software, the leading provider of solutions in the area of product processes and digital transformation, has been the main sponsor of B-Human since 2017.

Further Information:
RoboCup 2022
B-Human
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Unternehmenskommunikation Bremen
© Luis Scheuch
The B-Human team members that traveled to RoboCup 2022.
© Tim Laue
Two B-Human robots happily pose with their two new trophies: 1st place in the main competition and 1st place in the technical challenges.