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Initial Beamforming for Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Communications in 6G Mobile Systems

Wei Jiang; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC-2022), April 10-13, Austin, USA, IEEE, 4/2022.


To meet the demand of supreme data rates in terabits-per-second, the next-generation mobile system needs to exploit the abundant spectrum in the millimeter-wave and terahertz bands. However, high-frequency transmission heavily relies on large-scale antenna arrays to reap high beamforming gain, used to compensate for severe propagation loss. It raises a problem of omni-directional beamforming during the phase of initial access, where a base station is required to broadcast synchronization signals and system information to all users within its coverage. This paper proposes a novel initial beamforming scheme, which provides instantaneous gain equally in all directions by forming a pair of complementary beams. Numerical results verify that it can achieve omni-directional coverage with the optimal performance that remarkably outperforms the previous scheme called random beamforming. It is applicable for any form of large-scale arrays, and all three architecture, i.e., digital, analog, and hybrid beamforming.