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Object Permanence in Object Detection Leveraging Temporal Priors at Inference Time

David Michael Fürst; Priyash Bhugra; René Schuster; Didier Stricker
In: 2022 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR). International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR-2022), August 21-25, Montreal Quebec, Canada, IEEE, 2022.


Object permanence is the concept that objects do not suddenly disappear in the physical world. Humans understand this concept at young ages and know that another person is still there, even though it is temporarily occluded. Neural networks currently often struggle with this challenge. Thus, we introduce explicit object permanence into two stage detection approaches drawing inspiration from particle filters. At the core, our detector uses the predictions of previous frames as additional proposals for the current one at inference time. Experiments confirm the feedback loop improving detection performance by a up to 10.3 mAP with little computational overhead. Our approach is suited to extend two-stage detectors for stabilized and reliable detections even under heavy occlusion. Additionally, the ability to apply our method without retraining an existing model promises wide application in real-world tasks.