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Cell-Free Terahertz Massive MIMO: A Novel Paradigm Beyond Ultra-Massive MIMO

Wei Jiang; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: MeditCom. IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom-2024), July 8-11, Madrid, Spain, IEEE, 7/2024.


Terahertz (THz) frequencies have recently garnered considerable attention due to their potential to offer abundant spectral resources for communication, as well as distinct advantages in sensing, positioning, and imaging. Nevertheless, practical implementation encounters challenges stemming from the limited distances of signal transmission, primarily due to notable propagation, absorption, and blockage losses. To address this issue, the current strategy involves employing ultra-massive multi-input multi-output (UMMIMO) to generate high beamforming gains, thereby extending the transmission range. This paper introduces an alternative solution through the utilization of cell-free massive MIMO (CFmMIMO) architecture, wherein the closest access point is actively chosen to reduce the distance, rather than relying solely on a substantial number of antennas. We compare these two techniques through simulations and the numerical results justify that CFmMIMO is superior to UMMIMO in both spectral and energy efficiency at THz frequencies.