Using Temporal and Topological Features for Intrusion Detection in Operational Networks

Simon Duque Antón, Daniel Fraunholz, Hans Dieter Schotten

In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES-2019) August 26-29 Canterbury United Kingdom ACM ICPS 2019.


Until two decades ago, industrial networks were deemed secure due to physical separation from public networks. An abundance of successful attacks proved that assumption wrong. Intrusion detection solutions for industrial application need to meet certain requirements that differ from home- and office-environments, such as working without feedback to the process and compatibility with legacy systems. Industrial systems are commonly used for several decades, updates are often difficult and expensive. Furthermore, most industrial protocols do not have inherent authentication or encryption mechanisms, allowing for easy lateral movement of an intruder once the perimeter is breached. In this work, an algorithm for motif discovery in time series, Matrix Profiles, is used to detect outliers in the timing behaviour of an industrial process. This process was monitored in an experimental environment, containing ground truth labels after attacks were performed. Furthermore, the graph representations of a different industrial data set that has been emulated are used to detect malicious activities. These activities can be derived from anomalous communication patterns, represented as edges in the graph. Finally, an integration concept for both methods is proposed.


German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz