IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society 1 Pages 320-332 IEEE 3/2020.
Channel state information (CSI), which enables wireless systems to adapt their transmission parameters to instantaneous channel conditions and consequently achieve great performance boost, plays an increasingly vital role in mobile communications. However, getting accurate CSI is challenging due mainly to rapid channel variation caused by multi-path fading. The inaccuracy of CSI imposes a severe impact on the performance of a wide range of adaptive wireless systems, highlighting the significance of channel prediction that can combat outdated CSI effectively. The aim of this article is to shed light on the state of the art in this field and then go beyond by proposing a novel predictor that leverages the strong time-series prediction capability of deep recurrent neural networks incorporating long short-term memory or gated recurrent unit. In addition to an analytical comparison of computational complexity, performance evaluation in terms of prediction accuracy is carried out upon multi-antenna fading channels. Numerical results reveal that deep learning brings a notable performance gain compared with the conventional predictors built on shallow recurrent neural networks.