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Molecular ecological chemistry in Arctic fjords at different stages of deglaciation, Cruise No. MSM56, July 2-July 25, 2016, Longyearbyen (Svalbard, Norway)-Reykjavík (Iceland)

B.P. Koch; Uwe John; Rudi Amann; Philipp Assmy; Lennart T. Bach; Claudia Burau; Bente Edvardsen; Mar Fernandez Mendez; Anna Friedrichs; Jana Geuer; Mario Hoppema; Oliver Huhn; Morten Iversen; Christian Konrad; Nancy Kühne; Oliver Lechtenfeld; Andreas Mackensen; S. Leigh McCallister; Elina Nystedt; P. Schmitt-Kopplin; Kai Schwalfenberg; Miriam Seifert; C.A. Stedmon; Dedmer van de Waal; Helga van der Jagt; Sylke Wohlrab; Jörg Wulf; Urban Wünsch; Oliver Zielinski
Working paper, DFG-Senatskommission für Ozeanographie, c/o MARUM – Zentrum für Marine Umweltwissenschaften Universität Bremen, MARIA S. MERIAN-Berichte, Vol. MSM56, Gutachterpanel Forschungsschiffe, Bonn, 2019.


The 22 participating scientists from Germany, Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Finland and the United States covered scientific expertise in (micro-) biology, chemistry, and oceanography. Apart from aerosol and rainwater collection, which was applied to assess atmospheric deposition, sampling was restricted to the water column. Phyto and zooplankton were sampled by vertical net hauls using a plankton net, multinet and a pump system for the filtration of large water volumes to collect different size classes of phytoplankton, followed by DNA and RNA extraction. Phytoplankton was also characterized and quantified onboard by microscopy and flow cytometry. Primary productivity was assessed in incubations in the isotope container using radiocarbon labels. Clonal cultures were established to identify selected key species. Bacterial abundance, community composition and production were also determined onboard. Chemical sampling and analytical parameters, most of which taken from the CTD water sampler, will be measured back in the home labs. The final dataset will cover inorganic nutrients, oxygen concentration, dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, He/Ne ratios for the estimation of basal melt water, δ18O for the contribution of meteoric water, particulate and dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen, optical properties (fluorescence), molecular characterization and radiocarbon age of organic matter. A FerryBox system continuously recorded surface water information on turbidity, chlorophyll fluorescence, temperature, salinity, colored dissolved organic matter and salinity. At each station, salinity and temperature profiles were recorded by the CTD system and by profiler deployments, which also recorded the spectral light profile in the water column. The vertical material flux was investigated by the deployment of drifting sediment traps, a camera system and a marine snow catcher.