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Initial Access for Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Communications with Hybrid Beamforming

Wei Jiang; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: IEEE International Conference on Communications. IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC-2022), May 16-20, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, IEEE, 5/2022.


In order to achieve terabits-per-second (Tbps) data rates in the sixth-generation (6G) mobile system, wireless communications are required to exploit the abundant spectrum in the millimeter-wave (mmWave) and terahertz (THz) bands. However, high-frequency transmission heavily relies on high beamforming gain to compensate for severe propagation loss. A beam-based system faces a barrier in the process of initial access, where a base station must broadcast synchronization signals and system information to all users within its coverage. Hence, this paper proposes a novel omnidirectional broadcasting scheme for mmWave and THz systems with hybrid beamforming. It provides an instantaneously equal gain over all directions by forming complementary beams over sub-arrays. Numerical results verify that it can achieve omnidirectional coverage with a performance that remarkably outperforms the previous scheme.