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Downtime Optimized Live Migration of Industrial Real-Time Control Services

Michael Gundall; Julius Raphael Stegmann; Mike Reichardt; Hans Dieter Schotten
In: 2022 IEEE 31th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE). IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE-2022), May 31-3, Anchorage, AK, USA, IEEE, 2022.


Live migration of services is a prerequisite for various use cases that must be fulfilled for the realization of Industry 4.0. In addition, many different types of services need to provide mobility and consequently need to be migrated live. These can be offloaded algorithms from mobile devices, such as unmanned vehicles or robots, security services, communication services or classic control tasks. In particular, the latter place very high demands on determinism and latency. Here, it is of utmost importance that the downtime of the service is as low as possible. Since existing live migration approaches try to optimize multiple metrics such as downtime, migration time as well as energy consumption, which are equally relevant in the IT domain, it is not possible to use any of these approaches without adoptions. Therefore, a novel concept is proposed that builds on top of both existing migration approaches as well as virtualization technologies and aims primarily at minimizing service downtime. Furthermore, the concept is evaluated using a test environment. The results show that a sub-millisecond downtime can be achieved with the proposed concept. Moreover, the total migration time is in the range of several hundred milliseconds for the highest performance setting and two seconds for a non-invasive approach.