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Spotgres - parallel data analytics on Spot Instances

Carsten Binnig; Abdallah Salama; Erfan Zamanian; Muhammad El-Hindi; Sebastian Feil; Tobias Ziegler
In: 31st IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering Workshops. IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE-2015), April 13-17, Seoul, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Pages 14-21, IEEE Computer Society, 2015.


Market-based IaaS offers such as Amazon's EC2 Spot Instances represent a cost-efficient way to operate a cluster. Compared to traditional IaaS offers which follow a fixed pricing scheme, the per hour price of Spot Instances changes dynamically, whereas the Spot price is often significantly less when compared to On-demand and even the Reserved Instances. When deploying a Parallel Data-Processing Engine (PDE) on a cluster of Spot Instances a major obstacle is to find a bidding strategy that is optimal for a given workload and satisfies user constraints such as the maximal budget. Moreover, another obstacle is that existing PDEs implement rigid fault-tolerance schemes which do not adapt to different failure rates resulting from different bidding strategies. In this paper, we present a novel PDE called Spotgres that tackles these issues. Spotgres extends a typical PDE architecture by (1) a constraint-based bid advisor which finds an optimal cluster configuration (i.e., a set of bids on Spot Instances) and (2) a cost-based fault-tolerance scheme that takes various parameters (such as the mean time between failures and query statistics) into account to efficiently execute analytical queries over the set of Spot Instances that have a varying failure rate.

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