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Dimensional emotion representation as a basis for speech synthesis with non-extreme emotions

Marc Schröder
In: Elisabeth Andre (Hrsg.). Proceedings Workshop on Affective Dialogue Systems (ADS 04). Tutorial and Research Workshop on Affective Dialogue Systems (ADS), Kloster Irsee, Germany, Pages 209-220, Springer, 2004.


Past attempts to model emotions for speech synthesis have focused on extreme, basic emotion categories. The present paper suggests an alternative representation of emotional states, by means of emotion dimensions, and explains how this approach can contribute to making speech synthesis a useful component of affective dialogue systems.