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OpenLogos Rule-Based Machine Translation: Philosophy, Model, Resources and Customization

Anabela Barreiro; Bernard Scott; Walter Kasper; Bernd Kiefer
In: Machine Translation (MT), Vol. 25, No. 2, Pages 107-126, Springer, Heidelberg, 2011.


This paper reviews the OpenLogos rule-based machine translation system, and describes its model architecture as an incremental pipeline process. The paper also describes OpenLogos resources and their customization to specific application domains. One of the key aspects of rule-based machine translation systems intelligence is the symbology employed by these systems in representing natural language internally. The paper offers details about the OpenLogos semantico-syntactic abstract representation language known as SAL. The paper also shows how OpenLogos has addressed classic problems of rule-based machine translation, such as the cognitive complexity and ambiguity encountered in natural language processing, illustrating how SAL helps overcome them in ways distinct from other existing rule-based machine translation systems. The paper illustrates how the intelligence inherent in SAL contributes to translation quality, presenting examples of OpenLogos output of a kind that non-linguistic systems would likely have difficulty emulating. The paper shows the unique manner in which OpenLogos applies the rulebase to the input stream and the kind of results produced that are characteristic of the OpenLogos output. Finally, the paper deals with an important advantage of rule-based machine translation systems, namely, the customization and adaption to application-specific needs with respect to their special terminology and transfer requirements. OpenLogos offers users a set of comfortable customization tools that do not require special knowledge of the system internals. An overview of the possibilities that these tools provide will be presented.


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