Improving the Designs of Nearest Neighbor Quantum Circuits for 1D and 2D Architectures

Chandan Bandyopadhyay, Anirban Bhattacharjee, Robert Wille, Rolf Drechsler, Hafizur Rahaman

In: IETE Journal of Research Seiten 1-14 Taylor & Francis 9/2020.


In recent years, the semiconductor industry is increasingly considering alternative computation schemes and in this conjuncture quantum computing has come up as a promising direction due its ability to perform parallel computations (by exploiting superposition) and capacity to solve some of the intractable problems exponentially faster. But one of the criteria in the realization of quantum circuits is that corresponding descriptions demand a so-called nearest neighbour (NN) constraint to be satisfied. One of the possible solutions towards satisfying such constraints is through the insertion of SWAP gates that makes the qubit interactions within a gate adjacent. But since the incorporation of SWAP gates increases the cost of the circuits, strategies should be employed which satisfy the NN constraint while placing SWAP gates so that the cost are reduced. In this work, we propose improved design strategies to realize low-cost NN-compliant quantum circuits. Two approaches are introduced, where the first approach relies on a graph traversal process and uses heuristics in critical decision-making conditions to design a 1D NN-compliant representation. The second approach considers qubit-to-qubit interactions and realizes the circuits in a 2D platform based on some weighted metric. Both the designs are evaluated over a wide spectrum of benchmarks and results have been compared with related works. In those comparisons, we have seen that our approaches perform fairly better than the reported ones.

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence