Gaze-Based Self-Confidence Estimation on Multiple-Choice Questions and Its Feedback

Shoya Ishimaru, Takanori Maruichi, Koichi Kise, Andreas Dengel

In: AsianCHI '20: Proceedings of the 2020 Symposium on Emerging Research from Asia and on Asian Contexts and Cultures. ACM International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) Honolulu Hawaii United States Association for Computing Machinery 4/2020.


Self-confidence - an assurance of one's personal decision and ability - is one of the most important factors in learning. When there is a gap between a learner's confidence and comprehension, the learner loses a chance to review a learning subject correctly. To solve this problem, we propose a system which estimates self-confidence while solving multiple-choice questions by eye tracking and gives feedback about which question should be reviewed carefully. The system was evaluated in our experiment involving 20 participants. We observed that correct answer rates of questions were increased by 14% and 17% by giving feedback about correct answers without confidence and incorrect answers with confidence, respectively.

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Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence