Educational Data Mining.

Oliver Scheuer, Bruce McLaren

In: Norbert M. Seel (Hrsg.). Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Seiten 1075-1079 ISBN 978-1-4419-1427-9 Springer New York 2012.


Computer-based learning systems can now keep detailed logs of user-system interactions, including key clicks,eye-tracking, and video data, opening up new opportunities to study how students learn with technology. Educational Data Mining (EDM; Romero, Ventura, Pechenizkiy, & Baker, 2010) is concerned with developing,researching, and applying computerized methods to detect patterns in large collections of educational data – patterns that would otherwise be hard or impossible to analyze due to the enormous volume of data they exist within. Data of interest is not restricted to interactions of individual students with an educational system(e.g., navigation behavior, input to quizzes and interactive exercises) but might also include data fromcollaborating students (e.g., text chat), administrative data (e.g., school, school district, teacher), anddemographic data (e.g., gender, age, school grades). Data on student affect (e.g., motivation, emotional states)has also been a focus, which can be inferred from physiological sensors (e.g., facial expression, seat postureand perspiration). EDM uses methods and tools from the broader field of Data Mining (Witten & Frank,2005), a sub-field of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence that has been used for purposes as diverseas credit card fraud detection, analysis of gene sequences in bioinformatics, or the analysis of purchasing behaviors of customers. Distinguishing EDM features are its particular focus on educational data andproblems, both theoretical (e.g., investigating a learning hypothesis) and practical (e.g., improving a learning tool). Furthermore, EDM makes a methodological contribution by developing and researching data mining techniques for educational applications. Typical steps in an EDM project include data acquisition, datapreprocessing (e.g., data “cleaning”), data mining, and validation of results

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence