Error-aware Gaze-based Interfaces for Robust Mobile Gaze Interaction

Michael Barz, Florian Daiber, Daniel Sonntag, Andreas Bulling

In: Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Symposium on Eye Tracking Research & Applications. Symposium on Eye Tracking Research & Applications (ETRA-2018) June 14-17 Warsaw Poland Seiten 24-1 ETRA '18 ISBN 978-1-4503-5706-7 ACM 2018.


Gaze estimation error can severely hamper usability and performance of mobile gaze-based interfaces given that the error varies constantly for different interaction positions. In this work, we explore error-aware gaze-based interfaces that estimate and adapt to gaze estimation error on-the-fly. We implement a sample error-aware user interface for gaze-based selection and different error compensation methods: a naïve approach that increases component size directly proportional to the absolute error, a recent model by Feit et al. that is based on the two-dimensional error distribution, and a novel predictive model that shifts gaze by a directional error estimate. We evaluate these models in a 12-participant user study and show that our predictive model significantly outperforms the others in terms of selection rate, particularly for small gaze targets. These results underline both the feasibility and potential of next generation error-aware gaze-based user interfaces.

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Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence