KINN: Incorporating Expert Knowledge in Neural Networks

Muhammad Ali Chattha, Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Imran Malik, Ludger van Elst, Andreas Dengel, Sheraz Ahmed

In: AAAI-MAKE. AAAI Spring Symposium (AAAI SSS-2019) March 25-27 Stanford CA United States AAAI 3/2019.


The ability of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to learn accurate patterns from large amount of data has spurred interest of many researchers and industrialists alike. The promise of ANNs to automatically discover and extract useful features/patterns from data without dwelling on domain expertise although seems highly promising but comes at the cost of high reliance on large amount of accurately labeled data, which is often hard to acquire and formulate especially in time-series domains like anomaly detection, natural disaster management, predictive maintenance and healthcare. As these networks completely rely on data and ignore a very important modality i.e. expert, they are unable to harvest any benefit from the expert knowledge, which in many cases is very useful. In this paper, we try to bridge the gap between these data driven and expert knowledge based systems by introducing a novel framework for incorporating expert knowledge into the network (KINN). Integrating expert knowledge into the network has three key advantages: (a) Reduction in the amount of data needed to train the model, (b) provision of a lower bound on the performance of the resulting classifier by obtaining the best of both worlds, and (c) improved convergence of model parameters (model converges in smaller number of epochs). Although experts are extremely good in solving different tasks, there are some trends and patterns, which are usually hidden only in the data. Therefore, KINN employs a novel residual knowledge incorporation scheme, which can automatically determine the quality of the predictions made by the expert and rectify it accordingly by learning the trends/patterns from data. Specifically, the method tries to use information contained in one modality to complement information missed by the other. We evaluated KINN on a real world traffic flow prediction problem. KINN significantly superseded performance of both the expert and as well as the base network (LSTM in this case) when evaluated in isolation, highlighting its superiority for the task.

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence